Panamax ship Aggregates Information and data

The Sand, Gravel, & Construction Materials Industry

In British Columbia, aggregate pits are designated as mines. As such, the Ministry of Energy and Mines is responsible for their planning, management and regulation, including permitting, health, safety and reclamation. Crushed stone and sand and gravel are most often used by the construction industry. For example, an average 1,500-square-foot home, when considering its proportional share of new streets, schools, churches, municipal construction projects and shopping centers, requires about 330 tons of aggregate.

Typical Uses of Aggregates    
Typical Aggregates usage

The cost of transporting processed aggregate to the point at which it will be used is a critical consideration in the eco-nomics of any quarry operation. Because transport plays a central role in determining aggregate prices, the use of competitive and high-volume delivery means, such as barge transport, and deep sea vessels, allows penetration and expansion in other market areas.
The No Cents Holdings Ltd./Arthon Construction Ltd. project is targetted at foreign markets due to the lower resulting costs associated with mass transport. A specific market segment is California, where the government has an agenda to invest over $16 Billion in the state's infrastructure over the next 20 years.
The aggregate industry has been very healthy through the 1990's with total employment in the industry increasing 17% between 1996 and 1998.

Sand and Gravel Production
Producer Costs
(Click images to enlarge)
As a result of declining resource base and longer travel distances between gravel pits and end users, sand and gravel prices have risen in the last decade. Statistics Canada reports that the sand & gravel index increased over 25% in the period 1994 through 1998. This increase in cost is forecast to continue as close by inventories are exhausted.
Whereas the volume of coastwise shipping has been small relative to total production, B.C. leads the country in this area and the outlook for continued growth is positive. It is this export segment of the market which the quarry project will cater to.
Value of Production Quarries in Canada
The total value of production from stone quarries has increased dramatically from the 1980's, a period of slower growth. While the mining industry as a whole has not had widespread growth, the sand & gravel / quarry component has. It is also significant that mining operations have one of the highest employment multipliers of any industry.
(See under mineral aggregates for pdf source files.)
Market Prices

The California market for sand, gravel, and rock products varies most with transportation costs. Dock side costs in San Francisco are favourable in comparison with trucking operations from local pits.
The gravel extraction and export industry is new, strong, and growing.

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